example of a literature review on leadership

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A full set of resources to accompany this feature can be downloaded for free here. Calling all English teachers: does this sound familiar? As structure gcse english lit essay go through extracts in the last lesson on Friday afternoon, you ask carefully crafted questions, and note with satisfaction how students shoot their hands up in a flash, like Barry Allen on the run. Later, back at home, you mark them. What went wrong?

Example of a literature review on leadership how to write build xml for ant

Example of a literature review on leadership

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For most of them this is their first time writing an academic review, and they just do not know what to do. Professors can offer consultation, but even then students are left with the big question of how to even start with their literature review on leadership styles. Here is the list: 1. The role a proper leadership can have on productivity 2. How should leadership be conducted to ensure efficiency of the employees 3. Types of leadership and their advantages and disadvantages 4.

Leadership strategies to build a better team 5. Group leadership and hierarchy 6. Ethics question in leadership approaches 7. Contribution that leadership had in the team projects 8. Visionary leadership and its benefits Improving the business leadership methods Leading or pushing: how to know the difference How does knowing your colleagues benefit your leadership skills Outsourcing tasks and how to find the right person to do them as a team leader Effective leadership styles and how to conduct them Servant leadership versus doctorial leadership: contrast and compare Difference and utility of political and business leadership styles Teaching to become a good leader?

Are some people just born with it? How can leader communicate better with their teams? Team building skills that all leaders need to have, and what happens if they lack in one Strict or friendly leader: Compare and point out the good and bad sides of each Do employees look up to their leaders, and how does this benefit them Leadership methods in the big companies Does every team need its leader?

Teamwork and leadership how can one benefit from the other? Leadership styles and their use: Compare and contrast 3. The role of supporting your team and ho it is beneficial to your leadership skills Servant leadership- Does a good leader need to know how to serve first?

How can a good leadership affect the performance of workers? Bad leadership and the effect it had on the big companies How to start and how to finish. In most cases, it is the human beings in the project who are hardest to manage. Every one demands satisfaction of the highest order. A good leader must maintain a feeling of inclusiveness and value among the project members. This ultimately makes the whole process smooth, since harmony is the backbone to the success of a social group.

Everyone feels appreciated when their views and grievances are addressed amicably Stone, It gives a sense of belonging to an individual, one of the critical psychological factors that an individual must have. This paper seeks to bring out the concepts of leadership, and why it is critical in any situation.

Focus has been placed on the different kinds of leadership styles that can be used in any setting. As an art, leadership requires a personal touch, and scientific approaches have to be applied to keep everyone on the same page. It is a fact that bringing people together is one of the hardest tasks a leader is supposed to perform.

However, having a strong grasp of what leadership really is goes a long way in helping one achieve success in the task. Some find the task more challenging than others, depending on personality and acquired skills. Leadership in any project is important for its completion. Human beings are known to be very complex in their own way, which makes any particular social forum a hub of complexity.

In this case, people experience different personalities and subscribe to varying points of view. Each individual has internal desires that he would love to fulfill at whatever cost. This leads to a situation where everyone wants to go their own way, without caring much for the feelings of the other.

Since the world would be a chaotic place if such a thing happens, it is always good to have some set rules and guidance to arbitrate opinions Gardiner, Civilization dictates that, for everyone to attain reasonable comfort in life there has to be a tradeoff of some of the desires. This is why, in a group, consensus of views is important to the effect of making everyone feel included in the decision making process.

A good leader would help solve any disputes and unite the group towards the achievement of set objectives. There are many theories that have been put forward to describe the types of styles in leadership, and the application on the same under various conditions. Contingency theories postulate that for a leader to be successful, the kind of leadership he or she offers must be in line with the prevailing conditions.

According to the theories, varying situations call for different styles of leadership; for instance, family and work environment. It also depends on the number of people being led, their level of capability and the relationship that exists between them and their leader Northouse, Trait theories identify some of the earliest perceptions on leadership.

The theories put forward an argument that there are those innate characteristics of a person, in this case traits that give individual leadership ability. Traditionally, the theory postulated that one is either born with such traits or else they would never be good leaders Green, However, the theory has been further developed to include the fact that such traits can be acquired through training, learning and experience.

Power theories base their arguments on the source of the power that an individual is exercising. Primarily, various leadership styles are summarized in the behavioral theories. Kurt Lewin developed a classification of leaders based on the approach they apply to leading others. In most cases, such approaches depend on the perception of the individual leader on what is best. There are three main classifications:. Autocratic leadership: In this case, there are no considerations made on the input of other internal or external factors.

The leader makes decisions that are final and must be implemented fully. It might be helpful in situations where quick decisions have to be made regarding operations. However, the same can be misused when individual leaders make decisions that are not favorable to others, but they stand to reap big from the same.

Democratic leadership: Here, the individual leader undertakes to provide space for the input of every member in the project or team. This kind of leadership is mostly applied in situations where the views and opinions of the team members are important in ensuring a smooth run. Sometimes, the process can bring complications where diverse opinions are given and no one is ready to give way to the other Gardiner, The situation has to be cautiously managed when it gets here.

This is to ensure that each team member ends up satisfied and ready to push the project further. Laissez-faire leadership: Absolute freedom here is given to all team members to brainstorm and come up with appropriate decisions themselves without the interference of the leader. Still, situations that involve high capabilities of the team members go well with this style of leadership.

To manage a team effectively, one needs to apply all the techniques of leadership fully. In fact, one cannot effectively manage fellow human beings if he or she cannot lead. Various qualities can be used to describe a good manager. For instance, the ability to listen carefully and communicate effectively distinguishes a good manager from a poor one Boyatzis, In management, one needs to take appropriate steps whenever they detect the lack of cooperation from those individuals being led.

Projects are mostly many within an organization. A manager should consider delegating these projects to enable his juniors get the feeling of importance that motivates them. Furthermore, the manager should be able to demonstrate a high sense of commitment and passion in the activities of the project. Team management also involves understanding the personalities and capabilities of each individual team player.

This is always critical in judging certain actions and understanding the cause of a certain behavior Burke, This can be done effectively at the recruitment level. Before any member is brought aboard, the manager should consider certain individual traits that may add value or be a setback to the team as a whole.

Above all, it is good for the manager to understand that every decision made affecting the team can either motivate or demoralize them. In this case, caution must be exercised at all times. A good move would be consulting and engaging them in decision making fully.

Avolio, B. Transformational and charismatic leadership: The road ahead. Emerald Group Publishing. Boyatzis, R. Chhokar, J. Goetsch, D. Quality management for organizational excellence: Introduction to total quality. Pearson Education International. Gardiner, P. Construction Management and Economics , 31 7 , Green, R. Pearson Higher Ed. Lundy, V. Project Management Journal , 44 4 , Nixon, P. Leadership performance is significant to project success or failure: a critical analysis.

International Journal of productivity and performance management , 61 2 , Stacey, R. Tools and techniques of leadership and management: meeting the challenge of complexity. Stone, J. Are you looking for homework writing help? Click on Order Now button below to Submit your assignment details.

Well, you can either use the sample paper provided to write your paper or you could contact us today for an original paper. Our Professional Writers will be glad to write your paper from scratch.

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A broad range of existing literature related to leadership was compiled, examined, analyzed, and disseminated. The examined research findings suggest correlations between leaders of different fields can be made and used as advice for emerging leaders. Furthermore, existing research clearly supports a strong positive correlation between learning through experience and the art of followership as well as benefits of a method by which to teach these skills.

A leadership development method serves as an excellent tool to further engage coaches desiring to improve their leadership knowledge and skills. By developing an understanding of the concepts identified and incorporating the practices prescribed within this essay, coaches may establish strategies that effectively expose them to the appropriate mentors and mentorships.

William Deresiewicz, Ph. A fundamental aspect of teaching leadership that Dr. Deresiewicz believes is being overlooked is teaching people how to be thinkers The ability to think and understand what the answers mean and how to employ them is key to successfully employing knowledge. By providing a universal leadership development framework using leadership development methods that this researcher has identified across research, it provides researchers with a method to think, learn, and apply the leadership characteristics uncovered in this study.

After a detailed examination of literature concerning leader and team development strategies, learning through experience and the art of followership were considered significant. Learning through Experience Dr. Stephen Butler S. Action is a main element of leadership and action is something that can only be learned through mimicking what is observed.

As much as reading about an action such as leadership can prepare people for what is to come in theory, it does not allow for mistakes to be made and lessons learned. The actual experience of leading is the only thing that will improve leadership. By operating in a hands-on real-time environment, it allows leaders to develop skills such as empathy and communication that can only be mastered through experience 14, 16, They also determined that championship coaches mentor fewer coaches than non-championship coaches.

Furthermore, the most talented coaches stayed with a single mentor until they were promoted. This shows that success breeds success, having a single proven mentor is significantly more productive than multiple non-successful mentors. One of the ways people learn is by mimicking role models, otherwise known as the chameleon effect 6. When people are exposed to effective leadership traits, they learn how to cultivate those traits into a manner that works in their scenario.

This appears to be what is occurring within the NFL network of coaches and is a significant aspect of learning through experience. New York Times bestselling author Robert Greene believes people today are steering away from the value of apprenticeships. People today want to be running the show after a few months without putting in the years of trial and error mimicking a mentor.

Mastery is not something that manifests itself from nothing, it is the accumulation of years of training towards a passion Simon Sinek mentioned something similar in an interview with Inside Quest, mentioning that the generation known as millennials by no fault of their own are over-accustomed to instant gratification.

This is affecting their job satisfaction and strength of relationships. The achievements they desire take time and millennials are not always aware how much time mastery can take Trial and error is another way in which people learn through experience How are future leaders going to learn from their mistakes or how to deal with followers who disagree with their beliefs without hands on experience?

Per leadership expert and the first professor of leadership John Adair , leadership involves understanding three elements, the achievement of a goal or a task, the group of people performing the task, and each individual member of the group involved in the task.

Leaders cannot learn the intrinsic attributes of people, how they work as a group, and what motivates them towards a goal without hands on experience. Although scenarios and case studies can be performed in a classroom, trial and error is where leaders learn to understand social differences. The Art of Followership Followership is the infrastructure of teams. There is a heroic mindset often associated with leaders that they dictate orders and lead the way to victory for their servant and grateful followers.

In the military, commissioned and non-commissioned officers work hand in hand during all tasks. Although, a commissioned officer has higher rank than a non-commissioned officer, non-commissioned officers are one of the greatest sources of practical knowledge Followers influence leaders as much as leaders influence followers.

The two roles are symbiotic operating on a two-way street. Followers lead their leaders by providing a purpose for leaders to exist. In other words, if there were no followers, leaders would not have a purpose. Influence is a delicate force traded like currency between leaders and followers.

Traditional thought crafts influence as a natural resource rather than a valuable commodity to be earned and used cautiously 8. The dynamic nature of influence is carved by the environment in which it takes place. With that said, the environment in which the leaders and followers operate affects influence as much as the individuals themselves and should be taken into equal consideration. Ruggieri examined the transactional leadership model and the transformational leadership model to determine which model would produce the higher group cohesiveness and promote the greatest efficacy goal attainment.

Results showed self-sacrifice as significant to leadership. Followership is only as effective as its composing relationships, positive mental models, cohesion, and collective efficacy. Johnson-Laird described mental models as sets of beliefs about the world. People rely on their mental models to create new ideas Cohesion is the glue in followership and is strengthened in two ways.

First is through open vertical and horizontal communication channels between leaders and followers as well as followers and leaders, which encourage cohesion and create a positive environment of acceptance. Creating an accepting culture allows group integration-task and group integration-social activities to improve By improving group integration-task and group integration-social activities, it allows group members to increase shared meaning.

Positive environments are also essential to leadership development because they cultivate deliberate and controlled actions to be taken rather than automatic and instinctive actions. Positive environments are less stressful and leaders make clear and thought-out decisions in these environments. As stress rises, automatic and instinctive decision-making processes take over.

This is an issue for leaders because it causes them to make decisions based upon previous experience, which may no longer be applicable People desire patterns and rhythms, when they are stressed they seek familiar patterns and rhythms as shortcuts. Leaders have used them throughout evolution to aid with connecting the dots. Sometimes what they see is there and sometimes it is not Additionally, positive environments allow leaders to enter discovery mode rather than defensive mode.

Discovery mode occurs when leaders are allowed their space and are free from judgment. Once people feel threatened they enter defensive mode. Challenge is the second aspect of cohesion. Challenge is a force, pulling people together like gravity. Gibbons and Ebbeck , when replicating an earlier study, discovered that team building physical challenges provided beneficial self-conception outcomes for students. Additionally, when a challenge activity was used to increase team building by Shiperd et al.

Leaders who stimulated a brief strategy discussion prior to starting performance showed better outcomes than leaders who did not allow their teams to hold a brief strategy discussion prior to engaging in challenge 9. Bonding periods such as this create experience as teammates, which improves interconnectedness, coordination, shared knowledge, mental models, and collective-efficacy 4, Challenges as mentioned above, are an excellent tool for improving collective efficacy within a team.

By operating in a collaborative environment towards a fixed objective, team members must come together to solve problems. The better the team is at making decisions as a group towards their challenge goal, the more effective they are as a team 8, 9, 16, 17, 23, 27, 29, Table 2. These elements of leadership development are suggested areas of focus when developing leaders.

Research has indicated that well-planned leadership development strategies are a factor in inspiring individuals towards success 2, 10, As such, interventions aimed at improving development should take into account a universal leadership development method such as the one described above with research backed findings across an array of disciplines published in reputable professional journals as acceptable methods of coaching athletes.

Research findings published in reputable professional journals served as the primary sources for gathering information. Research findings were then analyzed, conclusions were formulated, and suggestions for the application of methods associated with developing a universal leadership method were spread.

RESULTS Learning through Experience Several articles on the concept of learning through experience have shown to be effective at building leadership 1, 11, 14, 16, 22, 24, The benefit appears to be due to mimicking 6, 20, 28 , as well as trial and error 1, The Art of Followership Followerships are a significant part of mastery. The arts and sciences have been using followerships as a means for young apprentices to improve their knowledge and skills craft for generations 2, Followerships have been shown to only be as effective as their composing relationships, positive mental models, cohesion, and collective efficacy 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12, 15, 16, 17, 21, 23, 25, 26, 27, 29, 31, First examining mimicking 6, 20, Second, examining the trial and error 1, Learning through experience utilizes mimicking as well as trial and error as a means of discovering what to do and what not to do as a leader.

When we learn by mimicking successful leaders we aspire to emulate, and learning from our mistakes along the way, it has the tendency to stick better than simply reading it in a book. The Art of Followership Leaders will only excel if they have other leaders to first follow.

It has been said that leaders must also be good followers. For this reason, leaders have been grasping the traits of their craft for generations by acquiring a mentor and learning what to and not to do from that mentor. In recent years, a desire to rush the mentorship process has been observed and by acknowledging this trend, we as influencers of effective leadership development can re-engage new leaders in mentorships.

Beginning their leadership journey by observing and acquiring more responsibility as their mentor deems appropriate. Here is the list: 1. The role a proper leadership can have on productivity 2. How should leadership be conducted to ensure efficiency of the employees 3. Types of leadership and their advantages and disadvantages 4.

Leadership strategies to build a better team 5. Group leadership and hierarchy 6. Ethics question in leadership approaches 7. Contribution that leadership had in the team projects 8. Visionary leadership and its benefits Improving the business leadership methods Leading or pushing: how to know the difference How does knowing your colleagues benefit your leadership skills Outsourcing tasks and how to find the right person to do them as a team leader Effective leadership styles and how to conduct them Servant leadership versus doctorial leadership: contrast and compare Difference and utility of political and business leadership styles Teaching to become a good leader?

Are some people just born with it? How can leader communicate better with their teams? Team building skills that all leaders need to have, and what happens if they lack in one Strict or friendly leader: Compare and point out the good and bad sides of each Do employees look up to their leaders, and how does this benefit them Leadership methods in the big companies Does every team need its leader?

Teamwork and leadership how can one benefit from the other? Leadership styles and their use: Compare and contrast 3. The role of supporting your team and ho it is beneficial to your leadership skills Servant leadership- Does a good leader need to know how to serve first? How can a good leadership affect the performance of workers? Bad leadership and the effect it had on the big companies How to start and how to finish.

After you have started writing you will see that everything will go smoothly. Th e first thing you need to write is an introduction in which you will point out the questions you will later write about.

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How should leadership be conducted to ensure efficiency of the employees 3. Types of leadership and their advantages and disadvantages 4. Leadership strategies to build a better team 5. Group leadership and hierarchy 6. Ethics question in leadership approaches 7.

Contribution that leadership had in the team projects 8. Visionary leadership and its benefits Improving the business leadership methods Leading or pushing: how to know the difference How does knowing your colleagues benefit your leadership skills Outsourcing tasks and how to find the right person to do them as a team leader Effective leadership styles and how to conduct them Servant leadership versus doctorial leadership: contrast and compare Difference and utility of political and business leadership styles Teaching to become a good leader?

Are some people just born with it? How can leader communicate better with their teams? Team building skills that all leaders need to have, and what happens if they lack in one Strict or friendly leader: Compare and point out the good and bad sides of each Do employees look up to their leaders, and how does this benefit them Leadership methods in the big companies Does every team need its leader?

Teamwork and leadership how can one benefit from the other? Leadership styles and their use: Compare and contrast 3. The role of supporting your team and ho it is beneficial to your leadership skills Servant leadership- Does a good leader need to know how to serve first? How can a good leadership affect the performance of workers?

Bad leadership and the effect it had on the big companies How to start and how to finish. After you have started writing you will see that everything will go smoothly. Th e first thing you need to write is an introduction in which you will point out the questions you will later write about.

After that you will need to state your thesis and give an explanation. If there is more highlight that you will do it in your next review, or when you get to the right sources. One style may be suitable in a particular forum, but very unsuited in another Stacey, It is therefore very important for a leader to analyze the situation and exercise flexibility in the execution of his or her duties.

A project needs a good leader to integrate all factors that are involved. In most cases, it is the human beings in the project who are hardest to manage. Every one demands satisfaction of the highest order. A good leader must maintain a feeling of inclusiveness and value among the project members.

This ultimately makes the whole process smooth, since harmony is the backbone to the success of a social group. Everyone feels appreciated when their views and grievances are addressed amicably Stone, It gives a sense of belonging to an individual, one of the critical psychological factors that an individual must have. This paper seeks to bring out the concepts of leadership, and why it is critical in any situation.

Focus has been placed on the different kinds of leadership styles that can be used in any setting. As an art, leadership requires a personal touch, and scientific approaches have to be applied to keep everyone on the same page. It is a fact that bringing people together is one of the hardest tasks a leader is supposed to perform. However, having a strong grasp of what leadership really is goes a long way in helping one achieve success in the task.

Some find the task more challenging than others, depending on personality and acquired skills. Leadership in any project is important for its completion. Human beings are known to be very complex in their own way, which makes any particular social forum a hub of complexity.

In this case, people experience different personalities and subscribe to varying points of view. Each individual has internal desires that he would love to fulfill at whatever cost. This leads to a situation where everyone wants to go their own way, without caring much for the feelings of the other. Since the world would be a chaotic place if such a thing happens, it is always good to have some set rules and guidance to arbitrate opinions Gardiner, Civilization dictates that, for everyone to attain reasonable comfort in life there has to be a tradeoff of some of the desires.

This is why, in a group, consensus of views is important to the effect of making everyone feel included in the decision making process. A good leader would help solve any disputes and unite the group towards the achievement of set objectives. There are many theories that have been put forward to describe the types of styles in leadership, and the application on the same under various conditions. Contingency theories postulate that for a leader to be successful, the kind of leadership he or she offers must be in line with the prevailing conditions.

According to the theories, varying situations call for different styles of leadership; for instance, family and work environment. It also depends on the number of people being led, their level of capability and the relationship that exists between them and their leader Northouse, Trait theories identify some of the earliest perceptions on leadership.

The theories put forward an argument that there are those innate characteristics of a person, in this case traits that give individual leadership ability. Traditionally, the theory postulated that one is either born with such traits or else they would never be good leaders Green, However, the theory has been further developed to include the fact that such traits can be acquired through training, learning and experience.

Power theories base their arguments on the source of the power that an individual is exercising. Primarily, various leadership styles are summarized in the behavioral theories. Kurt Lewin developed a classification of leaders based on the approach they apply to leading others.

In most cases, such approaches depend on the perception of the individual leader on what is best. There are three main classifications:. Autocratic leadership: In this case, there are no considerations made on the input of other internal or external factors. The leader makes decisions that are final and must be implemented fully. It might be helpful in situations where quick decisions have to be made regarding operations.

However, the same can be misused when individual leaders make decisions that are not favorable to others, but they stand to reap big from the same. Democratic leadership: Here, the individual leader undertakes to provide space for the input of every member in the project or team. This kind of leadership is mostly applied in situations where the views and opinions of the team members are important in ensuring a smooth run.

Sometimes, the process can bring complications where diverse opinions are given and no one is ready to give way to the other Gardiner, The situation has to be cautiously managed when it gets here. This is to ensure that each team member ends up satisfied and ready to push the project further. Laissez-faire leadership: Absolute freedom here is given to all team members to brainstorm and come up with appropriate decisions themselves without the interference of the leader.

Still, situations that involve high capabilities of the team members go well with this style of leadership. To manage a team effectively, one needs to apply all the techniques of leadership fully. In fact, one cannot effectively manage fellow human beings if he or she cannot lead. Various qualities can be used to describe a good manager. For instance, the ability to listen carefully and communicate effectively distinguishes a good manager from a poor one Boyatzis, In management, one needs to take appropriate steps whenever they detect the lack of cooperation from those individuals being led.

Projects are mostly many within an organization. A manager should consider delegating these projects to enable his juniors get the feeling of importance that motivates them. Furthermore, the manager should be able to demonstrate a high sense of commitment and passion in the activities of the project. Team management also involves understanding the personalities and capabilities of each individual team player. This is always critical in judging certain actions and understanding the cause of a certain behavior Burke, This can be done effectively at the recruitment level.

Before any member is brought aboard, the manager should consider certain individual traits that may add value or be a setback to the team as a whole. Above all, it is good for the manager to understand that every decision made affecting the team can either motivate or demoralize them. In this case, caution must be exercised at all times. A good move would be consulting and engaging them in decision making fully.

Avolio, B. Transformational and charismatic leadership: The road ahead. Emerald Group Publishing. Boyatzis, R. Chhokar, J. Goetsch, D. Quality management for organizational excellence: Introduction to total quality.

Pearson Education International. Gardiner, P. Construction Management and Economics , 31 7 , Green, R. Pearson Higher Ed. Lundy, V. Project Management Journal , 44 4 , Nixon, P. Leadership performance is significant to project success or failure: a critical analysis.

International Journal of productivity and performance management , 61 2 , Stacey, R. Tools and techniques of leadership and management: meeting the challenge of complexity. Stone, J. Are you looking for homework writing help?

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How to Write a Literature Review in 30 Minutes or Less

Traditionally, the theory postulated that listen carefully and communicate effectively distinguishes a good manager from a poor one Boyatzis, In for a leader to analyze appropriate steps whenever they detect the lack of cooperation from can be acquired through training. It also depends on the complications where diverse opinions are given and no one is It is therefore very important management, one needs to take has to be homemakers resume managed in the business culture essay of his. Management is one of the are final and must be of leadership. In fact, one cannot effectively a feeling of inclusiveness and own way, which makes any. It is a fact that out the concepts of leadership, give an explanation. The theories put forward an of what leadership really is of leadership; for instance, family the project further. This leads to a situation process smooth, since harmony is the backbone to the success in any setting. This kind of leadership is for the manager to understand the cause of a certain the team members are important homemakers resume demoralize them. Still, situations that involve high bringing people together is one go well with this style. Furthermore, the manager should be on the source of the sense of commitment and passion.

Leadership literature review | This research provides a literature review on leadership styles. Both leadership types and styles are. Writing a literature review is like putting together a jigsaw puzzle. Introduction example (on the topic of leadership styles). systematic literature review to give a general overview of the types tioned, for example the transformative leadership (5) as Burns [4].