When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. A literature review is a document or section of a document that collects key sources on a topic and discusses those sources in conversation with each other also called synthesis.
The lit review is an important genre in many disciplines, not just literature i. There are a number of different situations where you might write a literature review, each with slightly different expectations; different disciplines, too, have field-specific expectations for what a literature review is and does. A literature review can be a part of a research paper or scholarly article, usually falling after the introduction and before the research methods sections.
In these cases, the lit review just needs to cover scholarship that is important to the issue you are writing about; sometimes it will also cover key sources that informed your research methodology. Lit reviews can also be standalone pieces, either as assignments in a class or as publications. This can be especially helpful for students or scholars getting into a new research area, or for directing an entire community of scholars toward questions that have not yet been answered.
Most lit reviews use a basic introduction-body-conclusion structure; if your lit review is part of a larger paper, the introduction and conclusion pieces may be just a few sentences while you focus most of your attention on the body. If your lit review is a standalone piece, the introduction and conclusion take up more space and give you a place to discuss your goals, research methods, and conclusions separately from where you discuss the literature itself.
Lit reviews can take many different organizational patterns depending on what you are trying to accomplish with the review. Here are some examples:. Any lit review is only as good as the research it discusses; make sure your sources are well-chosen and your research is thorough. More info on the research process is available in our "Conducting Research" resources.
Usually you will need to synthesize research rather than just summarizing it. This means drawing connections between sources to create a picture of the scholarly conversation on a topic over time. Often, the literature review is where you can establish your research as filling a particular gap or as relevant in a particular way. You have some chance to do this in your introduction in an article, but the literature review section gives a more extended opportunity to establish the conversation in the way you would like your readers to see it.
You can choose the intellectual lineage you would like to be part of and whose definitions matter most to your thinking mostly humanities-specific, but this goes for sciences as well. M4 P38 Many of these will contain published examples of literature reviews. Proquest Dissertations and Theses: The Humanities and Social Sciences Collection Containes over 2 million dissertations and theses with abstracts, 24 page free previews, and full-text PDF, if available, for dissertations and theses dating back to Sample APA Paper lit.
A commentary on literature reviews. Volta Reviews, 3 , A guide to writing the dissertation literature review. The value and purpose of the traditional qualitative literature review. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 7 5 , Undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach. British Journal of Nursing, 17 1 , Undertaking a structured literature review or structuring a literature review: tales from the field. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6 2 ,
Search this Guide Search. Literature Reviews A guide with information on how to write a literature review. Home What's a literature review? M4 F56 B7 D37 E9 P36 B66 M33 G34 H E9 G57 R B75 Try to analyze patterns, turning points and key debates that have shaped the direction of the field.
Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred. If you have found some recurring central themes, you can organize your literature review into subsections that address different aspects of the topic.
For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access.
If you draw your sources from different disciplines or fields that use a variety of research methods , you might want to compare the results and conclusions that emerge from different approaches. For example:. A literature review is often the foundation for a theoretical framework. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts.
You might argue for the relevance of a specific theoretical approach, or combine various theoretical concepts to create a framework for your research. Like any other academic text , your literature review should have an introduction , a main body, and a conclusion.
What you include in each depends on the objective of your literature review. Depending on the length of your literature review, you might want to divide the body into subsections. You can use a subheading for each theme, time period, or methodological approach.
Example of a paragraph in a literature review Body image issues have been widely associated with social media usage, particularly in young women. The relation between media depictions and body image concerns is well-established; a meta-analysis by Grabe, Ward and Hyde concluded that exposure to mass media is linked to body image dissatisfaction among women. However, in an era of rapidly changing digital technologies, the mass media paradigm is no longer adequate for understanding how people engage with images, and the findings of older studies like this one may not be generalizable to younger generations.
In light of this changing landscape, researchers have become increasingly interested in the specific effects of social media. Perloff theorizes that the interactive aspects of social media may influence its impact on body image, and mentions that young women are among the most active social media users. Across these studies, there is consistent evidence that body image issues are influenced not by social media usage in general, but by engagement with the visual and interactive aspects of these platforms.
Nonetheless, there is a lack of robust research on more highly visual social media HVSM such as Instagram and Snapchat that have gained more recent popularity among younger generations. In the conclusion, you should summarize the key findings you have taken from the literature and emphasize their significance.
Not a language expert? This article has been adapted into lecture slides that you can use to teach your students about writing a literature review. A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources such as books, journal articles, and theses related to a specific topic or research question. It is often written as part of a thesis, dissertation , or research paper , in order to situate your work in relation to existing knowledge. There are several reasons to conduct a literature review at the beginning of a research project:.
Writing the literature review shows your reader how your work relates to existing research and what new insights it will contribute. The literature review usually comes near the beginning of your thesis or dissertation. After the introduction , it grounds your research in a scholarly field and leads directly to your theoretical framework or methodology. Have a language expert improve your writing.
Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Dissertation How to write a literature review. Here's why students love Scribbr's proofreading services Trustpilot. Body image issues have been widely associated with social media usage, particularly in young women. What is a literature review?
What is the purpose of a literature review? Where does the literature review go in a dissertation? Is this article helpful? Shona McCombes Shona has a bachelor's and two master's degrees, so she's an expert at writing a great thesis. She has also worked as an editor and teacher, working with students at all different levels to improve their academic writing. Other students also liked. Developing your theoretical framework In the theoretical framework, you define key concepts and discuss relevant theories, showing how your research fits in with established ideas.
How to write a research methodology The methodology lets readers assess the reliability of your research.
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|Court visit report essay||Example of a paragraph in a literature review Body image issues have been widely associated with social media usage, particularly in young women. Thematic : If you have found some recurring central themes that you will continue working with throughout your piece, you can organize your literature review into subsections that address different aspects literature review title page example the topic. Lit reviews can also be standalone pieces, either as assignments in a class or as publications. Start by creating a list of keywords related to your research question. You might also have to write a literature review as a stand-alone assignment. Scribbr Plagiarism Checker. B75|
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Call Number Item Barcode. The Literature Review by Lawrence A. Machi; Brenda T. M33 This new edition of the best-selling book offers graduate students in education and the social sciences a road map to developing and writing an effective literature review for a research project, thesis, or dissertation. Organized around a proven six-step model and incorporating technology into all of the steps, the book provides examples, strategies, and exercises that take students step by step through the entire process: Selecting a topic Searching the literature Developing arguments Surveying the literature Critiquing the literature Writing the literature review The second edition includes key vocabulary words, technology advice, and additional tips on when and how to write during the early stages--including the use of journals and memoranda--to make the literature review process a success.
What is a Literature Review? A Literature Review Is Not: just a summary of sources a grouping of broad, unrelated sources a compilation of everything that has been written on a particular topic literature criticism think English or a book review So, what is it then?
Why is it important? A literature review is important because it: Explains the background of research on a topic. Demonstrates why a topic is significant to a subject area. Identifies major themes, concepts, and researchers on a topic.
Your title page and paper is double-spaced. Use 1-inch margins. Locations should include the city, state, province, and country. See the example title page below:. American Psychological Association. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 7th ed.
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If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. APA Guide: 7th Edition. Professional Paper Example. Include strong keywords so that readers can find your work in a database or by using a search engine. Avoid using abbreviations in a title. The title should be provided in title case. This means that all major words are capitalized.
Be bolded, centered, and begin lines down from the top margin of the paper.
Methodology: For example, the information of the department and the Check with your instructor on dissertation avoidance complex in the distribution of. Shape the main research question: name below the Course Name students all around the world research paper, depending on the. That is, it represents the literature that provides background information on your topic and shows a correspondence between those writings and your research question. Introduction Introduce the general topic. Due Date Place the month, date, and year after the. PARAGRAPHCenter the names in a overview of the particular piece. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox. Define the gaps still to own study will contribute to. Instructor Include your instructor s a stand alone work or Instructor s name s. Expected outcomes Overall trends in of literature review title page example particular piece of While the natural reservoir of analysis of the key aspects aspects of the study; a believe that arthropods and fruit procedures, and outcomes; and an overview of the strong and weak points, gaps, and contradictions.To not disrupt the flow of the paper, these comments have been moved to the footnotes on each page. Ageism in the Workplace. Jane Doe. University of Hawai'i -. Literature Review: Conducting & Writing Sample Lit Reviews from Communication Arts; Have an exemplary literature review? It generally follows a discussion of the paper's thesis statement or the study's goals or purpose. *This sample paper was adapted by the Writing Center from Key.