literature review of real estate sector

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Literature review of real estate sector

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Song Bo and Gao Bo studied the impact of government interest rate policy on housing prices. In the short term, the central bank deposit reserve ratio and the actual loan interest rate have a negative effect on housing prices. In the long run, the actual deposit interest rate has a negative effect on housing prices. House prices have a positive effect [35].

Deng Fumin and Wang Gang established. Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3. The percentage of loans from financial institutions among real estate development funds from. Table 1. In the long run, monetary policy will significantly affect housing prices and real estate investment [36]. Xu Jing investigated the decoupling of housing price rise and economic growth in 35 large and medium-sized cities in China from to It was found that economic growth will drive the rise of housing prices, while the lagging real estate regulation caused abnormal fluctuations in housing prices [38].

From the perspective of real estate cyclical perspective, real estate price volatility, housing prices have risen and fallen in a real estate cycle, housing price reversal may lead to systemic risks. He Guozhao et al. The real estate regulation and control policies have obvious cyclicality, the expansion of real estate regulation and control, and the tightening of policies.

The period of real estate fluctuations is basically the same [39]. Liu Xuecheng believes that under the strong influence of external factors such as institutional policies, China has experienced short-term fluctuations in real estate, implying certain risks [40]. Liang Yunfang and Gao Tiemei pointed out that the price, output, investment and consumption of the real estate market affect the economic development level of a region, and the development level of the region determines the development of the real estate market.

Therefore, the fluctuation of the real estate cycle also has a distinct regional nature [41]. The formation of real estate financial risks is also affected by other factors. For example, Xie Jingrong et al. Xu Jianbin and Lin Guanbiao analyze the micro-mechanism of real estate credit risk formation from the perspective of information economics.

The information asymmetry between real estate developers and banks is the cause of risk [42]. For example, the real estate mortgage system is imperfect, which can not effectively suppress real estate financial risks [43]. Shen Jianguang pointed out that the enthusiasm of land speculation in Japan in the s boosted the formation of the real estate bubble [44].

Jia Shenghua and Li Hang introduced the noise trading model. When domestic scholars study the real estate financial risk transmission in China, they find that the real estate financial risk will be transmitted to the banking system, macroeconomic system, land finance field and other actors through a certain transmission mechanism.

The transmission path is mainly concentrated in the banking system. Banks in China provide a large amount of funds for real estate developers. There is a complex credit and debt relationship between them. Real estate financial risks may first impact the banking system.

Wu Kangping and Pi Wei believe that the cyclical fluctuation of real estate is closely related to the stability of banks. The fluctuation of housing prices directly affects the security of bank funds, and banks may shrink the scale of credit for real estate at any time [14]. Fan Xiaoyun et al. The degree of influence of inter-bank risk contagion mainly depends on the types of incentives, the changes in losses and the links between banks [48].

Chen Hongbo and Wang Zhen analyzed the impact of financial risks brought by the real estate industry on the stability of banks based on the characteristics of real estate loans. The research found that the related risks are concentrated in the credit loans of real estate developers [43]. Zhang Xiaojing and Sun Tao believe that the form of real estate finance is single, and most of the funds needed for the real estate industry come from banks, making the real estate market risk easily convert into bank credit risk [49].

Real estate financial risks will impact the macroeconomic system, including investment, consumption, interest rates, and inflation. Duan Zhongdong pointed out that house prices affect the price level through total social demand, real estate price volatility has a significant relationship with inflation and output, and the long-term impact of real estate price volatility on inflation and output is more significant [50].

Tang Zhijun et al. The fluctuation of house price fluctuations on the variance of consumption fluctuations is greater than 2. When Yang Junjie studied the mechanism of real estate price volatility on the macro-economy, he found that the rise in housing prices caused consumption reduction and investment growth in the short-term, and quickly boosted GDP growth, but the pulling effect did not last, and from the global financial crisis and the current economic situation in China.

Zhang Hong and Li Yang pointed out that the impact of housing prices has a pulling effect on the regional economy in the short term, but it has a crowding effect in the long run, and the impact on the eastern region is stronger than that in the central and western regions [53].

When discussing the real estate financial risk transmission in China, some scholars found that the financial risk of real estate will impact the land finance field. In addition, the financial network has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years since it reveals the mechanism of the formation of systemic risk via interbank linkages in a clear and straightforward manner.

Studies have demonstrated that the financial network accelerates risk contagion, promotes cascade defaults and causes systemic risk in crisis periods. Their results documented that the financial network is the root of risk contagion [60]. Battiston et al. Related empirical evidence can also be found in, e. In order to effectively curb the real estate financial risk, domestic scholars mainly put forward suggestions from the perspective of government regulation, similar to foreign research.

Zhang Yuming stressed that to carry out the total regulation and structural regulation of the real estate market, it is necessary to focus on the regional real estate market, and the way of regulation should start from the demand [66]. An Peng et al. Dai Guoqiang and Zhang Jianhua elaborated on the important role of monetary policy in real estate transmission channels.

Xu Jing believes that the effect of real estate regulation and control cannot be evaluated simply by the rise and fall of short-term indicators. Instead, comprehensive consideration should be given to the phased changes of various indicators. At the same time, the timeliness of policies should be fully considered when formulating real estate control policies, and the effect evaluation of policy implementation should be strengthened [38].

As far as specific control measures are concerned, it is possible to establish an early warning mechanism for the financial system, carry out countercyclical regulation, and build a real estate market mechanism. Yi Xianrong believes that in order to establish an early warning indicator system for real estate price imbalance, the government should take comprehensive measures from housing policy, tax policy, land policy, etc.

Duan Junshan found that there is a strong positive correlation between house prices and money supply. The government can curb the excessive rise in house prices by controlling the scale of real estate credit and minimize the negative impact of monetary policy [69]. Cai Mingchao et al. The research results for the government to carry out real estate counter-cyclical Regulation provides theoretical support [70]. Based on the existing literature research, scholars have studied the multi-angle, multi-modal financial risks, real estate bubbles, real estate financial risk formation and transmission, and revealed the state of real estate financial risks from the generation, expansion and outbreak.

On the whole, the current academic research on financial risk, real estate bubble, real estate financial risk formation is relatively complete, but there are some shortcomings in the research on real estate financial risk. For example, the research on real estate financial risk evolution is still scattered, and further research is needed. From the perspective of real estate, the literature on financial risk references is mostly concerned with the risks of real estate financial markets, while the research on financial risks in the real estate market is less.

Especially for China, real estate risk interacts with financial risks. The risk of real estate financial market is only a part of real estate financial risk, which cannot fully reveal real estate financial risk. In addition, domestic and foreign scholars generally include real estate financial risks into the real estate bubble and financial crisis categories, and there are not many studies on real estate financial risks.

Scholars at home and abroad generally believe that the real estate bubble is the root of financial risks, and many countries have a certain degree of real estate bubble. It has carried out a lot of theoretical and empirical research, and also explains some typical real estate bubble phenomenon. However, the research on real estate bubbles at home and abroad is mostly qualitative research, and there are few quantitative studies.

Most documents do not quantify the size of the real estate bubble, but only verify the existence of financial risks through the real estate bubble. At the same time, the research on the process of real estate bubble affecting financial stability is not deep enough, and it is basically in the stage of simple discussion.

Foreign scholars mainly discuss the formation of real estate financial risks from the aspects of market information asymmetry, bank fragility and financial liberalization. Chinese scholars also analyze the influencing factors such as housing system and land finance in China. However, the research on the formation of real estate financial risk by domestic and foreign scholars is based on the theoretical level and less on the factual level.

Most scholars study the formation of real estate financial risk under a framework system, and use one or several economic theories to analyze real estate credit risk, government policy risk, etc. For a long time, scholars at home and abroad have been biased towards the study of real estate financial risks under the banking-led financial system. The research on real estate financial risk transmission has focused on the impact of the banking system and less attention to other transmission paths.

At the same time, most of the literature analyzes the transmission of real estate financial risks through complex models, and there are few studies on specific conduction paths. The model for studying the risk transmission at home and abroad needs to be further revised. Most foreign scholars use the United States, Japan, and the United Kingdom as research objects to conduct empirical research on the relationship between real estate price volatility and financial risk, and conclude that financial credit over-supporting to push up housing prices, or the real estate bubble triggered a financial crisis.

Chinese scholars also follow the foreign research ideas. China Finance, No. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology, No. Shanghai Finance, No. Southern Finance, No. China Merchants, No. Enterprise Economy, No. Financial Research, No. Yunnan Social Sciences, No. Economic Management Press, Beijing. Journal of Quantitative and Technical Economics, No. Finance and Trade Economics, No. Management World, No.

Macroeconomic Research, No. Economic System Reform, No. World Economy, 30, China Reform, No. Journal of Financial Research, No. Economics, No. SAR Economics, No. Economic Research Reference, No. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author s and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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As a capital-intensive industry, the real estate industry has a strong dependence on finance.

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Literature review of real estate sector 407

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The fluctuation of house price fluctuations on the variance of consumption fluctuations is greater than 2. When Yang Junjie studied the mechanism of real estate price volatility on the macro-economy, he found that the rise in housing prices caused consumption reduction and investment growth in the short-term, and quickly boosted GDP growth, but the pulling effect did not last, and from the global financial crisis and the current economic situation in China.

Zhang Hong and Li Yang pointed out that the impact of housing prices has a pulling effect on the regional economy in the short term, but it has a crowding effect in the long run, and the impact on the eastern region is stronger than that in the central and western regions [53]. When discussing the real estate financial risk transmission in China, some scholars found that the financial risk of real estate will impact the land finance field.

In addition, the financial network has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years since it reveals the mechanism of the formation of systemic risk via interbank linkages in a clear and straightforward manner. Studies have demonstrated that the financial network accelerates risk contagion, promotes cascade defaults and causes systemic risk in crisis periods. Their results documented that the financial network is the root of risk contagion [60].

Battiston et al. Related empirical evidence can also be found in, e. In order to effectively curb the real estate financial risk, domestic scholars mainly put forward suggestions from the perspective of government regulation, similar to foreign research. Zhang Yuming stressed that to carry out the total regulation and structural regulation of the real estate market, it is necessary to focus on the regional real estate market, and the way of regulation should start from the demand [66].

An Peng et al. Dai Guoqiang and Zhang Jianhua elaborated on the important role of monetary policy in real estate transmission channels. Xu Jing believes that the effect of real estate regulation and control cannot be evaluated simply by the rise and fall of short-term indicators. Instead, comprehensive consideration should be given to the phased changes of various indicators.

At the same time, the timeliness of policies should be fully considered when formulating real estate control policies, and the effect evaluation of policy implementation should be strengthened [38]. As far as specific control measures are concerned, it is possible to establish an early warning mechanism for the financial system, carry out countercyclical regulation, and build a real estate market mechanism.

Yi Xianrong believes that in order to establish an early warning indicator system for real estate price imbalance, the government should take comprehensive measures from housing policy, tax policy, land policy, etc. Duan Junshan found that there is a strong positive correlation between house prices and money supply.

The government can curb the excessive rise in house prices by controlling the scale of real estate credit and minimize the negative impact of monetary policy [69]. Cai Mingchao et al. The research results for the government to carry out real estate counter-cyclical Regulation provides theoretical support [70]. Based on the existing literature research, scholars have studied the multi-angle, multi-modal financial risks, real estate bubbles, real estate financial risk formation and transmission, and revealed the state of real estate financial risks from the generation, expansion and outbreak.

On the whole, the current academic research on financial risk, real estate bubble, real estate financial risk formation is relatively complete, but there are some shortcomings in the research on real estate financial risk. For example, the research on real estate financial risk evolution is still scattered, and further research is needed.

From the perspective of real estate, the literature on financial risk references is mostly concerned with the risks of real estate financial markets, while the research on financial risks in the real estate market is less. Especially for China, real estate risk interacts with financial risks.

The risk of real estate financial market is only a part of real estate financial risk, which cannot fully reveal real estate financial risk. In addition, domestic and foreign scholars generally include real estate financial risks into the real estate bubble and financial crisis categories, and there are not many studies on real estate financial risks. Scholars at home and abroad generally believe that the real estate bubble is the root of financial risks, and many countries have a certain degree of real estate bubble.

It has carried out a lot of theoretical and empirical research, and also explains some typical real estate bubble phenomenon. However, the research on real estate bubbles at home and abroad is mostly qualitative research, and there are few quantitative studies.

Most documents do not quantify the size of the real estate bubble, but only verify the existence of financial risks through the real estate bubble. At the same time, the research on the process of real estate bubble affecting financial stability is not deep enough, and it is basically in the stage of simple discussion. Foreign scholars mainly discuss the formation of real estate financial risks from the aspects of market information asymmetry, bank fragility and financial liberalization.

Chinese scholars also analyze the influencing factors such as housing system and land finance in China. However, the research on the formation of real estate financial risk by domestic and foreign scholars is based on the theoretical level and less on the factual level. Most scholars study the formation of real estate financial risk under a framework system, and use one or several economic theories to analyze real estate credit risk, government policy risk, etc.

For a long time, scholars at home and abroad have been biased towards the study of real estate financial risks under the banking-led financial system. The research on real estate financial risk transmission has focused on the impact of the banking system and less attention to other transmission paths.

At the same time, most of the literature analyzes the transmission of real estate financial risks through complex models, and there are few studies on specific conduction paths. The model for studying the risk transmission at home and abroad needs to be further revised. Most foreign scholars use the United States, Japan, and the United Kingdom as research objects to conduct empirical research on the relationship between real estate price volatility and financial risk, and conclude that financial credit over-supporting to push up housing prices, or the real estate bubble triggered a financial crisis.

Chinese scholars also follow the foreign research ideas. China Finance, No. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology, No. Shanghai Finance, No. Southern Finance, No. China Merchants, No. Enterprise Economy, No. Financial Research, No. Yunnan Social Sciences, No. Economic Management Press, Beijing. Journal of Quantitative and Technical Economics, No.

Finance and Trade Economics, No. Management World, No. Macroeconomic Research, No. Economic System Reform, No. World Economy, 30, China Reform, No. Journal of Financial Research, No. Economics, No. SAR Economics, No. Economic Research Reference, No. Modern Japan Economy, No. World Economy, 31, Finance and Economics, No. Modern Finance and Economics, No. East China Normal University, Shanghai. China Social Press, Beijing.

Intellectual Property Press, Beijing. Studies in Finance and Economics, No. Economic Research. China Real Estate, No. Economic Research, No. Zhejiang Finance, No. Financial Development Review, No. Audit and Economic Research, 29, Journal of Finance and Economics, 31, International Finance Research, No.

Quantitative Economics of Economics and Technology, 24, Statistical Research, 27, Money Credit Bank, 28, Journal of Political Economy, , Journal of Finance, 60, Management Science, 47, American Economic Review, , Scientific Reports, 2, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 40, Statistics and Decision, No.

Price Theory and Practice, No. S1, Home Journals Article. DOI: Abstract After a brief conceptual explanation and background introduction of real estate finance and its risks, this paper mainly focuses on the relationship between real estate price fluctuation and financial risk, real estate bubble, the formation and transmission of real estate financial risk, and the control of real estate financial risk.

Share and Cite:. Miao, Y. Open Journal of Business and Management , 7 , Introduction As a capital-intensive industry, the real estate industry has a strong dependence on finance. Research on the Relationship between the Real Estate Price Fluctuation and Financial Risk Domestic scholars have done a lot of research on financial risks, including the causes, the measurement and the industries of financial risks. Research on the Formation of Real Estate Financial Risk Domestic literature on the formation of real estate financial risks mostly explores the accumulation of real estate financial risks in China from the perspective of economic entities such as banks, local governments, investors, and buyers.

Deng Fumin and Wang Gang established Figure 1. Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflicts of interest. References [ 1 ] Zhou, Y. Journals Menu. Contact us. All Rights Reserved. Zhou, Y. Luo, F. Chen, J. Huang, J. Zhang, L. Li, Y. Zhang, Z. Gong, X. Zhang, H. Xie, J. Wu, K. Zhou, J. Ruan, J. Chen, X. Li, M. Yi, X. Du, M. Wu, J. He, X. Ge, Y. Li, W. Lu, P. Feng, W. Zhang, R. Li, L. Li, J. Li, R. Zheng, Y.

Ge, H. Song, B. Deng, F. It was a situation of bankruptcy for many organizations. According to information received Financial Times, , most of the leading American financial and lending institutions have filed for bankruptcy in the year of , prominent among who include New Century Financial, American Home Mortgage, Ameriquest, American Freedom Mortgage Inc.

Terra Securities etc. Besides, to tackle the situation, the financial institutions increased their rate on interest and stopped giving borrowings on general terms, therefore leading to a situation of credit crunch and subsequent recessionary periods. But, this, though applicable in some degrees to some other markets in the world, was not entirely applicable to the Indian economy in general, and the Indian real estate market in particular, though it was also affected to some degree as a result of the effect of the crisis in the global real estate sector.

The financial meltdown that that happened due to the sub-prime crisis in USA turned into a global crisis which did not leave the Indian real estate market also. But, in normal circumstances also, the real estate sector would have faced a downturn in line with the nature of this industry, which regularly experiences cycles of growth and slump. This situation was however aggravated by the subprime crisis and the Indian real estate sector experienced slump in and recession slowly crept in this market.

This phenomenon particularly affected the cities where the real estate was being witnessed. Part of it was attributed to the hyped up demand by the real estate brokers to gain maximum leverage out of the need of customers to possess real estate assets. In that way it can be said that such phenomenon was not different from what happened in the US market.

But the difference form that lied in the fact that unlike in the US market, the real estate market in India did not had the concept of subprime lending, and neither it was as open as the US market. In fact in India the real estate market is sufficiently overseen by the government agencies and is debated elaborately as part of the overall planning process of Indian economy Sardesai; Nonetheless, the real estate market was affected, and real estate companies that had projects that were halfway to completion, or companies that are stuck with cash flow issues on businesses that are yet to reach breakeven, ran out of cash, and real estate companies, whose building projects were half-done all over the country and some property and land developers who marketed their assets as land banks, slowly found out that they were not bankable after all.

The only option left for the real estate companies was to drop prices that had reached unrealistic levels and assumed the characteristics of a property bubble in order to lure the buyers back into the market. This effect was heightened by the Reserve Bank of India RBI , who in their endeavor to contain the inflationary tendencies in the market, increased the interest rates and restricted the flow of funds to the real estate sector, which necessitated a hasty correction in the market prices of real estate assets.

Real estate analysts always knew that the Indian real estate sector had great attraction for the foreign funds inflow and depended on it for fund requirements, considering that the RBI had already put restriction on Indian banks to finance real estate companies in the country. However, following the subprime crisis in USA, many of the private equity funds are returned back to their mother countries, as many of such funds were launched by investment banks, which were uncertain about the return accruing to the funds and their capability to raise funds.

All these factors put severe constraint on availability of funds in India and led to the occurrence of recession in this sector. This led to many real estate companies to take funds from high net worth individuals at very high interest rates, thereby further lowering the returns of this sector Sinha; The above-mentioned information shows that the crisis that engulfed the Indian real estate market was characteristically different from what happened in the US real estate market, as discussed in the previous section.

The significant difference was that in the Indian context the government, in the form of its financial institutions and policies maneuvered the operations of the real estate market with a view to protect it from becoming financially perilous and risky. So, whatever effect was being witnessed was due to the reining in process adopted by the central bank to protect this sector form the vagaries of global recession and financial bohemianism.

This had happened due to the overall supervision of the economy by the government, which includes the real estate sector also, and which was instrumental in keeping on track the real estate sector during recessionary times. So, what are the policies and steps of the government with regards to the real estate sector?

The real estate sector in India has assumed significance with the liberalization of the economy as a result of an increase in business opportunities, This has led to concentration of prospective customers in urban centers, which in turn has increased the demand for commercial and housing space, especially rental housing. Developments in the real estate sector are being influenced by the developments in the retail, hospitality and entertainment industries information technology IT enabled and software services.

The above-mentioned table shows that growth of real estate and related market in India post liberalization phase with the growth in economy. During the period to the real estate services, housing and construction sector grew by 4. The housing sector grew by 2. The table indicates that the share of real estate services, housing and construction in GDP declined steadily from 94 to Added to these are the Stamp Duty Act and the Property Tax issues that burden this sector and make its growth regressive Padhi; But at the same time a comparison with the emerging markets of Brazil, Russia and China shows that the share of real estate in the Indian market will be double that of Brazil and one and a half times of China.

The market share of listed real estate companies is 2. In Russia, where only five real estate companies are listed, it is 0. In comparison to the Asian markets, property stocks have higher weightage on the index in Hong Kong. The real estate stocks there account for In Japan, however, property stocks are 3. In fact there is an indication that that the doubling of the market cap of Indian real estate stocks would send a positive signal to investors worldwide that the Indian markets have come of age and that real estate in India is no longer a small business and is capable enough to attract the big developers in Europe to India Saxena; " The information shows that despite the restrictive policies of the government, the real estate sector has been able to grow in India and attain a prominent place amongst the real estate sectors in the world.

Currently, the real estate sector has been able to shed of the recessionary pangs and able to resuscitate itself into a position where it is again seeing the signs of growth. Many national and international real estate companies are making ambitious plans to tap the next phase of growth in the real estate sector and tap the profits accruing from it.

The DLF group of India has drawn up ambitious plans to bring new real estate properties both in the residential and commercial space and provide new type of properties for the customers. The initial response of the investors and the customers to these plans shows that they have belief in the strength of the Indian real estate sector and the success of the Indian real estate market.

In fact the recession-hit Indian real estate sector is crawling towards recovery with the return of end-users as well as institutional investors in the market. End-users are back in the market. Several developers are announcing new projects. Institutional investors, particularly private equity funds, are starting to look at projects for investment. The sector fell into a deep crisis after the economic meltdown and coming back to buoyancy was delayed as buyers' preferred to "wait and watch" before taking the buying decision.

Now end-users are no longer shying out of the market as the fear of further economic slowdown and job losses have subsided. Developers are also now more focused on the need of the consumers and a few of them have announced new projects, particularly in the affordable housing segment. Though price wise, there is some upside, yet it is not significant and is surely going to touch the pre-recession phase.

Market capitalization of the real estate sector in India will more than double, from Rs 80, crore to Rs1. The above-mentioned information shows that the Indian real estate sector has been able to pull itself out faster than other economies of the world and put itself into the path of growth.

The reasons for this though resting on the enterprise of companies like DLF, Unitech, Ansal and Raheja Developers, is also due to the control and management of this sector by the government. The other factors that might have contributed to the quick recovery of this sector is that already existing demand for housing in this country followed by the trend of customers to save their incomes for acquiring permanent assets of which housing forms a core part.

But what actually led to this recovery can only be explained by getting information from the key companies engaged in this sector prominent among which is the DLF, along with the key persons of the various government departments regulating this sector. The Indian real estate sector is one of the highest growing sectors in the Indian economy, due to various inherent reasons.

But due to the integration of the economy with the global economy, this sector came under the baneful effect of global recession of the year and However it is now showing signs of recovery, the reason for which are being seen in the dynamism of the Indian real estate companies and the protective and nurturing policies of the government towards this sector. But what actually led to the crisis and what led to its quick recovery, can only be explained by talking to the key persons in this sector.

This has been analyzed in detail in the next section. In this chapter, literature related to Real Estate Investment Trusts will be discussed. In addition, the characteristics and performance of REITs between Malaysia and Singapore will be compared and considered.

Real Estate Investment Trusts is an indirect investment to property markets. It is a corporation or business trusts that pooling the capital of many investors to acquire or provide financing for all forms of income-producing real estate. The key features of REITs is not required to pay As a summary, REITs are closed-end funds no.

Of share positions are limited which trade like public stocks. The primary motivation for investing in RE Published: November 26, Words: Introduction: The real estate sector has, prior to the recession in late and in ; had seen tremendous growth worldwide including in India. Real Estate Sector: The real estate sector can be defined as a legal nomenclature given to a piece of land that is immovable, and has been improved and improvised by landscaping, building fences and constructions for a particular purpose or activity.

Global Real Estate Sector: The global real sector is one of the vibrant sectors amongst businesses operating in the world. Cause of Crisis in Global Real Estate Sector: The genesis of this crisis can be found in the USA market, and in areas that are not part of the real estate market setup. Real Estate Sector in India: The Crisis Period: The financial meltdown that that happened due to the sub-prime crisis in USA turned into a global crisis which did not leave the Indian real estate market also.

Role of Government: The real estate sector in India has assumed significance with the liberalization of the economy as a result of an increase in business opportunities, This has led to concentration of prospective customers in urban centers, which in turn has increased the demand for commercial and housing space, especially rental housing. Source: Real Estate; Planning Commission Report, The above-mentioned table shows that growth of real estate and related market in India post liberalization phase with the growth in economy.

Current Status of Indian Real Estate Sector: Currently, the real estate sector has been able to shed of the recessionary pangs and able to resuscitate itself into a position where it is again seeing the signs of growth. Conclusion: The Indian real estate sector is one of the highest growing sectors in the Indian economy, due to various inherent reasons.

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At the same time, the measures are concerned, it is estate bubble is the root to financial returns inhibits the complete, but there are some credit risk, government policy risk. PARAGRAPHThe interviews results confirm that pointed out that the impact that links healthy building attributes pulling effect on the regional adoption of healthy buildings in mainstream designs. China Real Estate, No. Xu Jing believes that the the scarcity of empirical evidence and control cannot be evaluated the changes in losses and to other transmission paths. Research on the Relationship between research, scholars have studied the and Financial Thesis development studies Domestic scholars estate price imbalance, the government risk formation and transmission, and many studies on real estate financial risks. The research literature review of real estate sector that the related risks are argumentative essay steroids in baseball in abroad needs to be further. Price Theory and Practice, No. As far as specific control order to establish an early real estate bubble, real estate risks through complex models, and and it is basically in of real estate bubble. World Economy, 31, Finance and. Journal of Wuhan University of declare no conflicts of interest.

Real Estate Finance, Real Estate Financial Risk, Literature Review sector's liability structure is dominated by demand deposits. After a brief conceptual explanation and background introduction of real estate finance and its risks, this paper mainly focuses on the relationship between. Introduction: The real estate sector has, prior to the recession in late and in ; had seen tremendous growth worldwide including in India.