You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Search for: Search. National integration is a complex process.
It is multi-dimensional concept with many interlocking elements that operate independently to some degree but yet are also interactive, cumulative and generally complementary. The literal meaning of integrity is the state of being whole and undivided. National integration is the awareness of a common identity among the citizens of a country. The sentiments of national integration constitute the following:. India at all times has been a multi-racial, multilingual, multi-religious society.
Thus, national integration in India is the recognition of feeling of oneness, though people in the country belong to different castes, creed, faith, religion and regions and speaks different languages. Here in India, the diversities are recognised and respected by imbibing a sense of nationhood. On achieving independence in , India was pledged to be built into a secular, democratic republic based on principles of social and economic justice.
While efforts were afoot to achieve these objectives, it was found that India was faced with many diverse faces which began to eat into the vitals of the national unity and led to disruption. Having found this problem, Jawaharlal Nehru on July 26, declared that though political integration had taken place in the country, it is necessary to create something deeper than that, that is an emotional integrity, so that the country may be welded into one strong national unit maintaining at the same time all of its wonderful diversity.
National integrity has social, political, religious, regional and economic dimensions in India. There are several obstacles in the way of national integration of our country. The most formidable obstacles are language variation, communalism and regionalism. Despite a shared culture of so many years, linguistic diversities have often generated tensions and conflicts amongst different communities threatening the fabric of national unity.
India is a multilingual country and thus in the Indian Union, the states have been organized on linguistic basis. There are people in this country who hold an exclusive view of their religion and do not admit of tolerance of other faiths.
Casteism is another divisive force. Caste organizations interfere in politics and function as pressure groups to obtain benefits undeservedly. These factors prevent national integration. Regionalism creates parochial outlook and narrow mindedness and affects national integrity. Now, it is the era of liberalization, globalization and of information and communication technology. The curriculum framers in our country emphasize on these dimensions while framing it.
But hardly any effort is being made for provision of moral, spiritual and national building education. The competitive world of 21st Century is motivated by economic gains alone. Hence, the students of today have not been inculcated with the values of morality, truthfulness, spirituality and nationalism.
Education has to play a major role in inculcating the values of solidarity, integrity, knowledge about literature and culture through moral science, spiritual and secular education and value education. The primary aim of education is to produce patriotic citizens and has the potentiality of creating a new social order and new ideology of co-operation rather than conflict and competition.
Education has the innate capacity to unfold and develop the innate qualities of an individual. Changes in education are like a silent revolution that can bring about a designed pattern of a society. This type of education can increase the thinking capacity of the individuals in a nation which is an essential part in building national -emotional integration.
In formulating an educational approach, which can result in integration, cohesion and harmony in the country; national education has to be understood in both formal and informal contexts, and cater for in these multiple connotations. The problem of national integration in India is connected with national reconstruction, building of national economy, improving the standard of living of people, developing values in society, securing social justice to the people, fostering fellow feeling and national sentiments.
Education can play a major role in instilling a feeling of national integration among the citizens. The Education Commission of emphasized the role of education in the country. In , a Committee was formed under the chairmanship of Dr. Sampumanand called the Committee on Emotional Integration.
The Committee was set up to study the role of education in promoting the process of emotional integration in national life and to advice on the positive educational programs for the youth. The Committee felt that education by itself cannot achieve national integrity and recommended that it is the duty of the educational institutions in the country to give a sense of direction to the students regarding the same.
The Committee felt that teaching social studies at all levels would impart knowledge of the geographical, historical and cultural backgrounds of the country. Sampumanand Committee suggested the following:. Later, the Education Commission of chaired by D. Kothari, identified social and national integration as one of the major problems of national development.
The Commission suggested that the subjects on these themes should be included in the curriculum taught in schools and colleges. The National Unity Committee was formed in the year and recommended on education for national integration as follows:. Equal opportunities for education should be provided for the weaker section of the society. In , the National Policy on Education pointed out the need for establishing a national system of education and institutions to promote national integration and different components of the Constitution.
In , Justice J. Verma Committee was set up to implement the suggestions to teach Fundamental Duties to the Citizens of the country. This Committee analyzed the curriculum at various levels of education and teacher education from the point of view of various Fundamental Duties including national integration and communal harmony. Since development of instruction materials is one of the primary duties of NCERT, they have taken great pains to include content materials to foster core components of national educational policies and Indian Constitution.
They have always made sure whether their instructional materials incorporate core components such as national integration and communal harmony. Indian curriculum has laid emphasis on intellectual development but has neglected emotional development. The problem of national integration is connected with the question of secularism and moral and religious teachings in our country.
We need an ideal system of education for all: a national system of education throughout the country, with centralized administration and a uniform pattern. This can help in bringing about intellectual integration. A radical change should be brought about in the curriculum. Every subjects taught in the curriculum in schools should be taught in the point of view of the national need of the country.
The integrating task of education cannot be performed unless history and historical facts are placed in their proper perspective. History when properly taught can help children to become critical and human. A short and simple history of the national movement and Indian freedom struggle should be introduced in the curriculum of secondary schools and training institutions. At higher level, like that of University, a book on Indian culture be introduced. The curriculum should also be inclusive of geography of each region in the country, biographies of national heroes of the country, different cultures and languages that exist in the country etc.
This would help in cultivating deep attitudes for the realization of cultural and social unity. The students in schools should be made to read maps regularly to be familiar with diverse India. It enables a person to understand himself and his human relationship. Textbooks should be rewritten if necessary to emphasize national integration. History books should emphasize cultural unity and its glorious past.
Students should be made to realize the importance of independence. To promote social cohesion, consciousness of a national identity and need for national integration, a common core school curriculum should be adopted throughout the country with addition for and provision of regional knowledge on regional basis.
Religion should be another important topic that should be stressed. Secularism advocates neither anti-religious faith nor faith in any particular religion. Our schools must therefore stress basic unity of all religion. The students should be acquainted with the founder of each religion in India.
India is a vast nation having multiple religions, castes, creeds and languages. So it is the challenging problem for us to maintain communal harmony and peace among all. It is very urgent for all of us to foster national unity and to develop national conscious among all. Internal quarrels are the worst enemy of nation and they create ill-will, hatred, anarchy and mismanagement among all.
Provincialism and linguistic quarrels cause a great to our social and economic uplift. Even terrorism, demanding separate territories too create obstacles. In this respect we cannot deny the role of a teacher and student who can play a major role in maintaining the peace and harmony. They can organise workshops and seminars to train and reveal the importance of peace and harmony among the people.
A nation can develop if its citizens are well mannered, peace loving and having a broader outlook. The students should be aware of the harms of communal hatred and caste problems.
Students should take initiatives to maintain peace among communities by rallies, posters, programs in different areas of city along with major personalities of town such as MLA, Mayor, Collector etc. Indeed its true that strength lies within unity, and that is why it is the first and foremost duty of a student to realize the importance of unity and harmony among different communities.
Role of Students in Communal Harmony A. Words: Category: Harmony Pages: 1. Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. Get Access. A very common expectations from people on students is to keep up the communal harmony, which is the need for the hour, particularly in our country where we live among the people from different religions, community and background Communal Harmony is the love, peace , respect and co-operation among the people from different race and community.
Get instant access to all materials Become a Member. India is a vast nation having multiple religions, castes, creeds and languages. So it is the challenging problem for us to maintain communal harmony and peace among all. It is very urgent for all of us to foster national unity and to develop national conscious among all. Internal quarrels are the worst enemy of nation and they create ill-will, hatred, anarchy and mismanagement among all.
Provincialism and linguistic quarrels cause a great to our social and economic uplift. Even terrorism, demanding separate territories too create obstacles. In this respect we cannot deny the role of a teacher and student who can play a major role in maintaining the peace and harmony.
They can organise workshops and seminars to train and reveal the importance of peace and harmony among the people. A nation can develop if its citizens are well mannered, peace loving and having a broader outlook. The students should be aware of the harms of communal hatred and caste problems.
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|Essay on role of education in communal harmony||Get Access. It is said that the real strength of a nation depends not so much on its natural resources or on its military capabilities but rather on its students. You are commenting using your Google account. Provincialism and linguistic quarrels cause a great to our social and economic uplift. Introduction Structure of the study 2. Next Next post: Education and Social Change.|
|Best book review ghostwriting service uk||The teachers should narrate to their students, the stories of great heroes of the nation who sacrificed their life for the unity and integrity of the nation. Education can play a major role in instilling a feeling of national integration among the citizens. The education could also provide a check on the development of prejudices and biases among the people. The teachers should emphasize the need for bringing national unity to fight against the forces such as communication, casetism, regionalism and terrorism. They have always made sure whether their instructional materials incorporate core components such as national integration and communal harmony. Van Gosse and Richard Moser, eds.|
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In contrast, they explode with evil repercussions, staining the smooth fabric of the society. Innocent lives are lost, families destroyed and properties ruined by invoking religious sentiments. Religion- the garb with the warmth of the same Almighty, albeit of different colours, is given a notorious interpretation and projected as the dividing wall on such occasions.
The situation poses a challenge to the state machinery where each element has to work responsibly in restoring peace and order in minimal time to minimize the damage from the unmindful acts of perpetrators. Can media be abdicated from all responsibility in such an eventuality? The free nation guarantees under Article 19 of Fundamental Acts, the freedom of expression, with media deriving its powers.
But can the principle of self-restrain to deliver responsible reporting be discarded in the face of such challenges to the social harmony? The power of media transmits the voices and images of riot struck families straight into our living rooms. With photographs of horror splashed across the front pages and bold lettering announcing the numerical record of the ghastly act, the coverage manages to transmit the fear and horror of the locality across geographical barrier. The flare-ups in one corner of the nation is dished out, often with inciting remarks, unaccountable figures and opinionated version of causes to every part of the nation.
In a race to grab the eyeballs, the breaking news culture promotes the high speed transmission to acclaim being the first channel to beam the images of the horror. Often the research into the real cause of the outbreak is sidelined and the focus shifts to use of provocative language and promotion of blame game. Irresponsible journalism ends up inflaming passions of community rather than highlighting the unmindful acts of few individuals. In such testing times, the media is expected to fulfill its role of fourth pillar in the system effectively and promote all possible measures to bring back calm and order in the society.
Such Essays times are the litmus test to judge the level of responsibility displayed by media in complementing authorities to normalize the situation. An irresponsible reporting ends up making statements of gross generalization, demonizing an entire community for the pervert acts of a few. A regulator for this purpose would face heavy resistance from media fraternity, but then these are the situations when self-regulation is put to real test.
Sensitive situations of communal flare-ups are often covered by novice reporters who skip the ground realities to indulge in self-investigated judgments and opinionated reporting. Often the personal biases of the reporter or the channel cloud the vision of the media, incapacitating it to present the objective realities of the situation. Though large segment of Indian population has been swarmed by the availability of information, the discretion to dissect and analyze every news item is not a popular attribute.
Most consumers in general and the rural population in particular, receive the news-piece on face value. Efforts are not made to scrutinize the report and decipher the finer unsaid elements. There is an implicit trust in media and the voice of the reporter carries enough weight for people at large. With its ability to highlight mis-governance and plight of the common man, media is seen as the voice of the masses. This rust has developed over years and hence the portrayal of any event by media makes a significant impact.
The realty is seen through the lens of media. And this underlines the need of all the more sincerity and ethics in journalism in times of communal discord. The curative role of media in maintaining communal harmony, post a communal event is immense. Steering away from any exaggeration or unmindful indulgence in blame game, media must confine itself to facts, without stressing on religious affiliations.
The need of the hour is to invoke the humanity, which forms the base of all religions, rather than focus on the religious hues of the victims or perpetrators. Media can be the calming influence, working in tandem with the administration to bring a semblance of sanity back in the locality.
It must relay the message of peaceful coexistence by broadcasting messages of reconciliation, brotherhood and harmony. Media must return to the basic of upholding national interest against any other narrow plausible gain while delivering its report. All the ethos and values of constitution need to be continuously re-inforced amongst the population to enable them take Essays incipient deep roots in the society.
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